Workplace Design Principles

A starting point for an evidenced-based design process

Universal Bathroom Design January 22, 2009

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 10:47 pm
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There is a Presence of Universal Design features for commercial as well as Residential spaces. Such spaces are Bathrooms. There are methods to evaluate bathroom designs and draw distinctions between universal and accessible environments. The results provided from research on Universal Bathroom  Design provide information about the properties that make environments accessible or universal. It is important to be able to justify and explain where certain elements are located and positioned, because they are crucial to individuals with reduced mobility capabilities.


Nunn, Teresa. “Measuring Universal Design: .” Case of the Bathroom 557-565.

Rana Salah


Universal Bathroom Design

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 10:31 pm
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In order to move in a built environment and to use related services and facilities certain certain elements should be taken into consideration. Individuals with reduced mobility need a number of simple but yet critical elements, specifically when designing Universal Bathrooms.

When designing commercial design, designers have to consider Universal and accessible design. Elements have to be realized using techniques and methods that can comply with appropriate standards and are compatible with movements for those who use wheelchairs. There are multiple solution plans when designing Universal Bathrooms.

Preiser, Wolfgang. Universal Design Handbook. McGraw- Hill, 2001.

               26.6 – 26.7

Rana Salah


Universal Bathroom Design: Bathroom Design/Turning Radius

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 7:24 pm
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t-shaped Wheelchair turning radiusAlthough a bathroom may seem like a small project, designers should remember that bathrooms must meet many codes and requirements.  Designers should make all spaces (especially bathrooms) handicap accessible to allow for human changes- aging, injury, illness, etc.  A space must be at least 36 inches wide for a wheelchair to easily pass through.  There should also be points within the bathroom for someone maneuvering a wheelchair to turn around.  A wheelchair can turn around in a 60 inch turning circle, or a t-shaped space for 180 degree turns.  Images and further dimensions are available at the citation listed below.

JRH Architects.  2003 Michigan Barrier Free Design Graphics Manual.  2004. 

Posted By: Nicole Calhoun


Universal Design in the Workplace: Common Design Flaws

Filed under: Philosophical,Workplace Design — ia2studio @ 6:06 am
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When universal design is a top priority of your client it is imperative to gain an extensive knowledge of what constitutes a compliant workplace.  Standard accessibility dimensions can easily be retrieved from a book but there are some common designs flaws that even the skilled designer can overlook.

1.        It is typical for facility managers to standardize components to save money.  This means that many worksurfaces are actually mounted to the tops of file pedestals.  This cost-   saving solution can accommodate most workers but will cause accessibility compliance issues (Whitson).


2.        Access control systems device heights are commonly mounted too high to be universally accessible (McPherson).


3.       Accessible parking spaces often do not have access aisles (Wilson).



McPherson, Ron. “ADA integration.” Buildings. 95.9 (September 2001): 26.

Whitson, Alan. “Feel the churn? Universal plan is one way to mitigate the cost of change.” Buildings. 91 (March 1997): 64

Wilson, Marianne. “ADA Myths Remain.” Chain Store Age. 82.1 (January 2006): 104.

Posted by Bret

Universal Bathroom Design: Start With The Door

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 4:46 am
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When designing a bathroom that will be used daily by peoples with a variety of mental and physical disabilities, the type and location of the door(s) should be one of the most important considerations in your design.   Whether utilizing a full-swing hinge to add extra inches, constructing a pocket door or entirely eliminating the door, an educated designer can create a bathroom that is universally accessible (Miley).

Miley, Judith. “Greater later bathrooms.” Workbench. 51 (October/November 1995): 38-9+.

Posted by Bret

Universal Kitchen Design: Disabilities January 21, 2009

Filed under: Kitchen Design — ia2studio @ 1:35 am
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Personal surroundings communicate strong messages about identity, social position, and values, which can make a big impact for mental or physical disabilities (Preiser, pg 4.5). A kitchen that is not A.D.A. compliant can make a person feel out of place in their own kitchen, which would affect their identity. Making a kitchen compliant will give the disabled person a place to connect to.

Wolfgang F. E. Preiser, Elaine. Universal Design Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001.

Posted by: Stephanie