Workplace Design Principles

A starting point for an evidenced-based design process

Universal Bathroom Design January 22, 2009

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 10:47 pm
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There is a Presence of Universal Design features for commercial as well as Residential spaces. Such spaces are Bathrooms. There are methods to evaluate bathroom designs and draw distinctions between universal and accessible environments. The results provided from research on Universal Bathroom  Design provide information about the properties that make environments accessible or universal. It is important to be able to justify and explain where certain elements are located and positioned, because they are crucial to individuals with reduced mobility capabilities.


Nunn, Teresa. “Measuring Universal Design: .” Case of the Bathroom 557-565.

Rana Salah


Universal Bathroom Design

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 10:31 pm
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In order to move in a built environment and to use related services and facilities certain certain elements should be taken into consideration. Individuals with reduced mobility need a number of simple but yet critical elements, specifically when designing Universal Bathrooms.

When designing commercial design, designers have to consider Universal and accessible design. Elements have to be realized using techniques and methods that can comply with appropriate standards and are compatible with movements for those who use wheelchairs. There are multiple solution plans when designing Universal Bathrooms.

Preiser, Wolfgang. Universal Design Handbook. McGraw- Hill, 2001.

               26.6 – 26.7

Rana Salah


Universal Bathroom Design: Human Life Cycle Objective

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 7:33 pm

Unlike existing bathrooms, which are designed primarily for independent users, these bathrooms consider the needs of the human life cycle and address dependent use and care-providing alongside independent use in the bathroom. These bathrooms reflect the social and inclusive philosophy of universal design and they have the potential to unify diverse population groups so no one user is excluded by their design.

Mullick, Abir. “Bridging the Gap between Human Factors and Environmental Design: A Universal Bathroom Case Study.” Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2001 <801-805>.

Posted By:  Kate Blanchfield


Universal Bathroom Design: Bathroom Design/Turning Radius

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 7:24 pm
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t-shaped Wheelchair turning radiusAlthough a bathroom may seem like a small project, designers should remember that bathrooms must meet many codes and requirements.  Designers should make all spaces (especially bathrooms) handicap accessible to allow for human changes- aging, injury, illness, etc.  A space must be at least 36 inches wide for a wheelchair to easily pass through.  There should also be points within the bathroom for someone maneuvering a wheelchair to turn around.  A wheelchair can turn around in a 60 inch turning circle, or a t-shaped space for 180 degree turns.  Images and further dimensions are available at the citation listed below.

JRH Architects.  2003 Michigan Barrier Free Design Graphics Manual.  2004. 

Posted By: Nicole Calhoun


Universal Bathroom Design: Start With The Door

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 4:46 am
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When designing a bathroom that will be used daily by peoples with a variety of mental and physical disabilities, the type and location of the door(s) should be one of the most important considerations in your design.   Whether utilizing a full-swing hinge to add extra inches, constructing a pocket door or entirely eliminating the door, an educated designer can create a bathroom that is universally accessible (Miley).

Miley, Judith. “Greater later bathrooms.” Workbench. 51 (October/November 1995): 38-9+.

Posted by Bret

Universal Bathroom Design: Flooring

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 4:29 am
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Guidelines may be noted as considerations that designers must take when planning for a client. When considering flooring, it is important to know the kinds of people that will be using the space including their specific disabilities, ages, body types, etc. Considering these things will help in the design plan because the space will be more custom for the users. Flooring needs to be slip resistant for all users because it is a given that the floors will get wet. A material like marble may not be the best choice for a bathroom, whereas, recycled rubber flooring would be. Mostly, flooring is not something that is unique to each individual but is more so for types of users. Whether it is children or older individuals using the bathroom, it needs to be safe (and the user’s do not need to have a fear of slipping and falling!).

Story; Mueller; Mace, Molly Follette; James L.; Ronals L. . The Universal Design File: Designing for people of all ages and disabilities. revised. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, 1998.

Michelle Stuart


What is a Universal Bathroom? January 21, 2009

Filed under: Bathroom Design — ia2studio @ 5:33 am
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Instead of looking at “Universal Bathrooms” as bathrooms for only the disabled, they must be seen as bathrooms that all people can comfortably and safely use. The Universal Bathroom must be a flexible and dynamic design that is adaptable to all varieties of people. Instead of a “one size fits all” type of a bathroom, the Universal Bathroom design supports the idea of personalization through design flexibility. (Preiser, pg 42.5)

Preiser, Wolfgang, and Elaine Ostroff. Universal Design Handbook. 1st ed. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001.

Posted by: Joanna Tzilos